The year of 1953 was proving to be a difficult one for the town of Carmichaels and the coal mining industry. Hundreds of local miners had lost their jobs due to the mechanization of the surrounding coal mines.

Paul Smith, Ross Allison, Stanley Allison and Ellis "Parker" Burnette held many coffee counter talks at Mary's Luncheonette where they drank endless cups of coffee and discussed ways and means to aid their community and the coal industry. These men focused on the Wool Parade that was held in Waynesburg, Pa. that publicized the sheep raising industry. They wondered, "Why not a Coal Festival to focus attention on the area as the hub of the soft coal region and hopefully spur the lagging industry". Stanley Allison, who had attended the Bluefield, W.VA. Coal Festival, thought it would work for Carmichaels.

Werner Lund, President of the Carmichaels Chamber of Commerce, became involved in the discussions and influenced the Chamber to become involved. After many discussions an agreement was drawn up to hold a King Coal Festival in Carmichaels. The Carmichaels Chamber of Commerce and volunteer fire companies of Carmichaels, Crucible, and Nemacolin signed the agreement to form the King Coal Association and named directors to serve in the association.

The King Coal Association's purpose would be to foster the development and advancement of the bituminous coal industry. In May of 1954, representatives of the four groups traveled to the Bluefield, W.VA. Coal Festival to get ideas for the show in Carmichaels. They gave their report in June and it was decided that the First Annual Pennsylvania Bituminous Coal Festival would be held October 13 thru October 16, 1954.
Although the Organizations and Directors have changed over the years, the success of the King Coal Festival depends on the hard work and dedication of many volunteers. The ability of the organizations to work together for the good of their community has been the main reason that the King Coal Association exist today.